| Professor Paul James is a professor of Globalisation and Cultural Diversity at Western Sydney University, and has been the Director of the Institute for Culture and Society since 2014. He is a social theorist and writes on topics related to globalisation, sustainability, social change and the human condition. Paul James has been an editor and author of roughly thirty books, most importantly he brought out a 16 volume series called ‘Central Currents in Globalization’, which maps all the older disciplnes in the social sciences and humanities. He is the Research Director for the international organisation Global Reconcilliation. He is on the Council of the Institute of Postcolonial Studies, Honary Professor at King’s College London, and a Fellow of the Royal Society of the Arts (London). He is editor of Arena Journal, as well as an editor/board-member of nine other international journals, including Globalizations and Global Governance. He completed his PhD, 1991, Ashworth Social Theory Centre, Department of History and Philosophy Science, University of Melbourne, and his BA (Hons), 1981, Department of Political Science, University of Melbourne.
This report looks at the current spread of anti-Muslim extremism in Europe. It defines anti-Muslim extremism as a social and political world-view that targets Muslim minorities in specific and Europe’s multicultural and diverse societies together with its democratic foundations in general. After providing a definition of anti-Muslim extremism, it shows how anti-Muslim extremist movements are cooperating within Europe, as well as beyond, on a global scale. It looks at actors and discourses; and how discourses are made hegemonic and transferred from the margins and fringe extremist groups to the wider public sphere. The analysis shows the effects of these discourses on the violation of human rights and Muslim citizens by banning certain Muslim religious practices, violating freedom of religion, attacking mosques and violating the freedom of personality by attacking Muslim women. This report reveals how anti-Muslim extremism is organized within a small minority of far right groups and slowly became the “new normal” in most of Europe’s societies.