This paper looks at organizational change in voluntary nonprofit organizations. Their 'purposive' nature makes voluntary organizations difficult to change while their tendency to oligarchic control results in this change often being imposed from the top. Amnesty International's death penalty work demonstrates the complexity of organizational change, as well as the accountability for and the legitimacy of change in nonprofits. Legitimacy should not be equated with organizational strength, and will remain subject to shifting, contested social norms concerning standards of behavior.
It’s a sad story. Joe and his siblings basically grew up with an absent mother who flitted in and out of their lives. But I also see her as a victim; a teenage girl trapped in a marriage and with a responsbility she wasn’t ready for. Joe always felt like he was the son of a mother who didn’t really want him. That’s a hard thing for any kid to deal with. He, in turn, grew up to be an emotionally absent father. Michael talked about this in his Oxford speech. Eventually, it seems Joe forgave his mother, or tried to. Michael, in turn, had to learn to forgive his father. I don’t know why I felt such a strong compulsion to relate Crystal’s story this Mother’s Day, but I kept looking at that photo of her-and thinking of those eyes as Michael’e eyes, looking at me from an earlier time and place-and I felt I had to do this. Maybe it is partly because being able to forgive our mothers and our fathers is such an important lesson to be reminded of on both Mother’s Day and Father’s Day. I was reminded as I was typing this of Dick Lourie’s beautiful poem “How Do We Forgive Our Fathers.” The sentiment here could just as easily be applied to our mothers, as well: