Much of the Scottish customs and traditions come from Scotland's pictish past and early Christianity changed completely during the Protestant Reformation in the 16th Century. Book after book has been written about our religious history, but I just want to briefly touch here on the modern face of religion in Scotland. The Protestant "Kirk" or "Church of Scotland" is recognised as the National Church. It is believed that around 20% of people are Roman Catholics. The Reformation left Protestants and Catholics in conflict with each other and even though that conflict has lessened over the years it's still left its mark. There are still separate schools for Catholic and Protestant children, and it even spilled over to our two famous and opposing Glasgow Football Teams ie Protestants support Rangers and Catholics support Celtic.
In the field of musicology and ethnomusicology tradition refers to the belief systems, repertoire, techniques, style and culture that is passed down through subsequent generations. Tradition in music suggests a historical context with which one can perceive distinguishable patterns. Along with a sense of history, traditions have a fluidity that cause them to evolve and adapt over time. While both musicology and ethnomusicology are defined by being 'the scholarly study of music'  they differ in their methodology and subject of research. 'Tradition, or traditions, can be presented as a context in which to study the work of a specific composer or as a part of a wide-ranging historical perspective.'