Essay echo personality disorder

This is perhaps one of Shakespeare's more interesting plays, if you will. In comparison to Macbeth it isn't quite the walk in the park.
I think conceptually it enables the reader to see that characters can influence characters to such a degree that the original traits are masked and changed. Tragedy in this play is definitely a main component - and a great emphasis that perhaps the villain doesn't always find their true defeat. In a way, wasn't the "villain" successful? He lied to everyone and pretty much killed whomever got in his way.

Echo Personality Disorder is a specific and highly differentiated form of dependency, marked by behaviours of compliance and a need to 'mirror' significant others -parents, spouse, friends, employer. It has been found that those with EPD are highly attracted to relationships with individuals who show marked narcissistic tendencies.

This mirroring behaviour was the reason for choosing the name Echo personality disorder,
which is based on the Greek myth of Narcissus and Echo. In this story Echo, a forest nymph, falls completely in love with the egocentric youth Narcissus, and when he shows clear signs of rejecting her, she persists in her attatchement to him and will not be moved from her aim. She finally satisfies him with the masochistic task of echoing back to him all that he says. This too is the central feature of EPD behaviour in relationships, where the individual will mirror, echo, and compliment another at the expense of their own self-worth and dignity.

Self descriptions by EPD sufferers focus strongly on percieved fears of abandonment, rejection, and loss, and these agonizing feelings are the driving force behind the above-mentioned interpersonal coping style (mirroring others). These individuals protect themselves from abandonment/rejection by being so agreeable to others, via their mirroring capacity, that chances of re-experiencing abandonment agony is brought to a low minimum. Unfortunately this approach amounts to a false existence with little or no true self expression, and eventually leads to poor psychological health.

Characteristic experiential history for EPD often involves individuals being parented by caretakers who are themselves self-absorbed or narcissistic. In this environment the child learns that asserting ones true self will be met with a form of (often serial) rejection, to which they respond by substituting compliant behaviour in place of true selfhood. This 'compliant' behaviour can then be witnessed as a stable feature throughout the childs growing-up years, with other school children, and within the family.

Depression, smoking, alcoholism, addictive behaviour all occur with very high frequency in this disorder.

On a positive note, EPD people are excellent contributors to society, and to family, as they are found to be very perceptive of the needs of others. The highly respected religions of Christianity and Buddhism are based on the principles of altruism and charity, and this is a lifestyle at which the EPD individual can be said to be expert. Good traits such as these cannot simply be written off with...

Livesley et al. concluded, in agreement with other studies, that narcissism as measured by a standardized test was a common inherited trait. [30] Additionally, in similar agreement with those other studies, it was found that there exists a continuum between normal and disordered personality. The study subjects were 175 volunteer twin pairs (ninety identical, eighty-five fraternal) drawn from the general population. Each twin completed a questionnaire that assessed eighteen dimensions of personality disorder. The authors estimated the heritability of each dimension of personality by standard methods, thus providing estimates of the relative contributions of genetic and environmental causation. Of the eighteen personality dimensions, narcissism was found to have the highest heritability (), indicating that the concordance of this trait in the identical twins was significantly influenced by genetics. Of the other dimensions of personality, only four were found to have heritability coefficients of greater than : callousness , identity problems, oppositionality and social avoidance.

What makes misunderstandings resulting from conversational-style differences so hard to clear up is that we don’t have a way of talking about them. We don’t think of saying, “When my voice has that quality, it means I’m being friendly,” or “I’ll leave a half-second pause when I’m finished.” Such linguistic cues are sent and perceived automatically. All we can say is “I didn’t mean it that way,” which no one is ever going to believe if he knows that he  would have meant it that way if he had said it that way. And we don’t walk away from conversations thinking, “Gee, you use pitch and intonation differently from me.” We think, “He’s in a rotten mood,” or “She’s weird.”

Essay echo personality disorder

essay echo personality disorder

What makes misunderstandings resulting from conversational-style differences so hard to clear up is that we don’t have a way of talking about them. We don’t think of saying, “When my voice has that quality, it means I’m being friendly,” or “I’ll leave a half-second pause when I’m finished.” Such linguistic cues are sent and perceived automatically. All we can say is “I didn’t mean it that way,” which no one is ever going to believe if he knows that he  would have meant it that way if he had said it that way. And we don’t walk away from conversations thinking, “Gee, you use pitch and intonation differently from me.” We think, “He’s in a rotten mood,” or “She’s weird.”

Media:

essay echo personality disorderessay echo personality disorderessay echo personality disorderessay echo personality disorder