Drawing Self Portraits
Using a small mirror, students draw themselves. My students use black or colored pencils, but any medium could be used. The picture does not have to be exact, but it should be representative of that student. These portraits also go into the journals. An optional variation is to divide the shape for the face down the center lengthwise. Half the face can be a depiction of how the student sees himself, and the other how he thinks others see him. This is accompanied by a journal entry that describes how the student sees himself versus how he thinks others see him.
In time, some ideas from these experiments and paradigm challenges may be adopted as the norm in education, just as Friedrich Fröbel 's approach to early childhood education in 19th-century Germany has been incorporated into contemporary kindergarten classrooms. Other influential writers and thinkers have included the Swiss humanitarian Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi ; the American transcendentalists Amos Bronson Alcott , Ralph Waldo Emerson , and Henry David Thoreau ; the founders of progressive education , John Dewey and Francis Parker ; and educational pioneers such as Maria Montessori and Rudolf Steiner , and more recently John Caldwell Holt , Paul Goodman , Frederick Mayer , George Dennison , and Ivan Illich .